This should only be expected for someone the Lord described as the greatest born of women (Matthew 11:11). Yet, as the Lord went on to say, even the least of those in the kingdom was greater than John, for John stood outside the coming kingdom, suffering death at the hands of Herod before he could enter it himself. John was, in fact, the embodiment of the Old Testament’s message, and as such he stood at the end of the long line of sacred history. “All the prophets and the Law prophesied until John” (v. 13), who was the final prophet, the seal of the prophets, for after him there could be no more Old Testament prophecy. He was the prophetic hinge, connecting the Old Covenant with the New. In his ministry and message we find the entirety of the Old Testament distilled and offered to the Church. Of that message, I would mention three things.
Firstly, John tells us to repent and that repentance is the only way to avoid the coming judgment of God. That judgment will be thorough — not a little pruning of a few stray sinful branches, but the felling of the whole tree. And repentance is urgently required, that that judgment is even now impending and threatening. The axe of divine judgment is being laid at the root to the tree; the first blow of the axe is imminent, and there is no time to lose.
One might perhaps imagine that being part of a religious body would be enough to save. It is not so. Many Jews imagined that as the children of Abraham and members of the Chosen People they were immune and safe from divine wrath. That wrath was for the Gentiles, not for Jews. They were the children of Abraham, and were therefore safe. John thundered against such presumption. Being a child of Abraham was no great thing: “Do not presume to say to yourselves, ‘We have Abraham as our father,’ for I tell you God is able from these stones to raise up children to Abraham” (Matthew 3:9). (This probably involves a play on words which vanishes in translation: from these stones [Hebrew eben] God is able to raise up servants/ sons [Hebrew ebed].) If the Jews of old were not saved by racial membership, neither are we Gentiles by ecclesiastical membership. What matters is repentance, which alone gives meaning to our inclusion in the Body of Christ. Repentance is not something we do before we can serve God; it is what serving God consists of.
Secondly, we may ask what do we repent of? What does God want from us? The Pharisees were sure that repentance consisted of scrupulous attention to the minutiae of the Law, and fastidious care in keeping the Sabbath and ritual purification. A truly devout person would wash one’s hands before eating just in case they had contracted ceremonial defilement in the marketplace (see Mark 7:3f). Is that what repentance consists of? Does God primarily want us to be more religious? John taught otherwise. Repentance consisted of care for the poor and of contentment with one’s lot. “He who has two coats, let him share with him who has none; and he who has food, let him do likewise” (Luke 3:11). Notoriously sinful tax-collectors? Let them “collect no more than was appointed” for them, cheating no one. Soldiers? “Rob no one by violence, and be content with your wages” (v. 12-14).
Here we see the explication of the constant theme of the Old Testament prophets. All the prophets denounced social injustice and said that to know God was not to be religious, but to be kind to the poor (Jeremiah 22:16). One of them, Micah, summed it all up: “He has showed you, O man, what is good — what does Yahweh require of you but to do justice and to love kindness and to walk humbly with your God?” (Micah 6:8). The first and great commandment to love God manifests itself in its corollary, the commandment to love your neighbour as yourself. If you love God Whom you have not seen, you will surely also love your neighbour whom you have seen (1 John 4:20).
Thirdly, John teaches us that Christ is everything. Technically Jesus became John’s disciple when He was baptized by him. Yet when John had his vision of a harmless dove descending upon Jesus after He was praying on the riverside after His baptism, John knew that Jesus was the sinless Messiah, the One Who would baptize in the Holy Spirit, the One Whose way he was preparing. When John’s disciples found out that Jesus branched out on His own and was baptizing and making His own disciples, they were incensed and jealous on John’s behalf. John was serene, recognizing in this the hand of God. Of course all men were going to Jesus and He was winning the hearts of Israel. Should not the bridegroom win the bride? John was simply the friend of the bridegroom, the Best Man, and like the Best Man he rejoiced to see the bridegroom win his bride. “He must increase, and I must decrease” (John 4:25-30).
John speaks these words to us as well. When our egos swell and we become angry at others, this is the sign that we must decrease, and let our egos shrink back to a normal size. Jesus Christ must increase in our lives so that all our attention is on Him.
John was not just the Baptizer, he was the Forerunner, and his life had no other purpose than to reveal Christ and prepare His way. From his place on our icon-screens, John tells us that we also have no other purpose but to serve the Lord.
By Father Lawrence Farley
About the Author
Fr. Lawrence Farley, formerly an Anglican priest and graduate of Wycliffe College in Toronto, Canada in 1979, converted to Orthodoxy in 1985 and then studied at St. Tikhon’s Seminary in South Canaan, Pennsylvania. After ordination he traveled to Surrey, B.C. to begin a new mission under the OCA, St. Herman of Alaska Church. The Church has grown from its original twelve members, and now owns a building in Langley, B.C. The community has planted a number of daughter churches, including parishes in Victoria, Comox and Vancouver.
Fr. Lawrence is the author of many books including the Bible Study Companion Series, Let Us Attend: A Journey through the Orthodox Divine Liturgy, and A Daily Calendar of Saints. He has also written a series of Akathists published by Alexander Press, and his articles have appeared in numerous publications.
Fr. Lawrence has a podcast each weekday on Ancient Faith Radio called Coffee Cup Commentaries, and writes monthly for Sounding, the blog of Orthodox Christian Network. He has given a number of parish retreats in the U.S. and Canada, as well as being a guest-lecturer yearly at Regent College in Vancouver. Father lives in Surrey with his wife Donna; he and Matushka Donna have two grown daughters and five grandchildren. He regularly updates his blog, “No Other Foundation”.